The Year was c. 950 BC

Menelik I was the son of the Queen of Sheba. This country was probably Saba (1200 BC-275 AD), a land on the Red Sea which is now Ethiopia. People question whether the queen’s son was fathered by Solomon, king of Israel (970-931 BC). Considering that Solomon had 700 wives and 300 concubines, and the queen stayed in Jerusalem for many months, it seems entirely possible. The Bible, in I Kings 10:10, says Solomon “gave her all her desire.”


Menelik I became the first king of the Solomonic Dynasty about 950 BC. As a young man, he took a trip north, to Jerusalem, to meet his father. Solomon accepted Menelik as his son and welcomed his retinue. When Menelik departed to go home, Solomon gave him a replica of the Arc of the Covenant as gift. Menelik and his men were so clever that they managed to steal the true arc and replace it with the replica. This story – whether true or completely fabricated – has engendered searches for the missing Arc of the Covenant throughout Ethiopia.

Jerusalem with King Solomon’s Temple


From Menelik came the kings of Ethiopia – 225 generations of the Solomonic Dynasty. The last one was Tafari Makonnen Woldemikael. Born in 1892, he became regent in 1916, and emperor in 1930, taking the name Haile Selassie. Many consider Selassie a God, perhaps even the Second Coming of Christ. Rastafarians, a religion begun in Jamaica in the 1930s, celebrate Selassie as God incarnate. They also celebrate marijuana as part of their worship and reject materialism.

Haile Selassie


Although Haile Selassie stood only 5’2”, he was a giant around the world for most of his turbulent years as Ethiopia’s emperor. On Sept.12, 1974, brought down by almost two years of famine, high oil prices and people out of work, Selassie was overthrown by a military coup. The coup leaders announced the end of the 3,000-year-old Solomonic Dynasty. Haile Selassie was held prisoner until his death a year later. Some people believe that just like King Arthur, Jim Morrison and Elvis Presley, Selassie never died.

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