The Year was 453

Even 15 centuries later, this name, Attila the Hun, brings images of barbaric carnage. The word barbarian came from the word Greeks used to designate anyone who was not Greek. To the urbane Greeks, those people sounded like they were saying “bar bar” and thus became known as barbarophonos. Barbarophonos came to mean ‘bearded and…

The Year was 1300 BCE

Traders from the Mediterranean, returning home from the East with their treasures of spices, incense and silk, flocked to the city in the middle of the desert. Camels slaked their thirst at the gushing water troughs. Merchants slept safe from harm inside the complex. It was a brilliant plan, to carve this mysterious city out…